2019-2020 seminar Rachel O'Reilly: At the Limits of the Writerly: Anthropology and Global Fantasy

At the Limits of the Writerly: Anthropology and Global Fantasy 

“At the Limits of the Writerly” is an ongoing theory seminar at DAI that addresses artistic and theoretical writing’s relationship to its own abling and disabling infrastructures and apparatuses. In other words, the class aims to situate our comprehension and experience of the writing voice and of possible narrativity within specific techno-cultural, historical conditions and relations. It persistently pays attention to the coloniality of power/form, concepts of hegemony and norms, while bearing in mind Spivak’s emphasis on the need to disimagine the globe or the global for the sake of an approach to planetarity that assumes survivance and alterity playing out beyond human control.

We treat theory and cultural practice as something that is projective and that therefore reads/writes differently by “travelling” across time and space, in forms of imagination, tele-poetic (Spivak) or projective, that are “real and mythological, technical and philosophical” (Dominique Païni). There is an inherently Gramscian approach to this, in so far as we acknowledge that the temporal and spatial setup of the travail of “theory” must make critical, technical sense especially of the aesthetic political division of those for whom the point of view on (theory’s) projected image is “not assignable to a particular place and is mandatory in the space” and “those for whom the point of view on the (projected) image is marked by the restraint of being bound to a place inferred by the apparatus of projection” (Païni). 

This year we will be looking at links between the writerly subject and the racial setup of Enlightenment anthropological theories of human difference. The class assumes it is important to revisit key moments of romanticization, temporal violence/error and (late materialist) anti-racism within anthropology’s discursive archive, since more and more we can observe the modernist figure/fantasy of Indigeneity symptomatically haunting “bad readings” of contemporary aesthetic politics in the context of major Indigenous resurgencies and theoretical and artistic consolidation. The class takes the position that whether in the relational scene of restitution processes, or in the pragmatist framing of climate emergency, Indigenous lifeworlds “entertained” without the support of Indigenous sovereignty too often continues to be put to work for the reform or cure of a still centred in-crisis Western appetites and subjectivities. In this sense the class aims to also teach the fine line of “grasping without grabbing” innovative Indigenous theoretical work as a way of doing critical readings of persistently European discursive and disciplinary heritages.

For many of us, these re-readings of specific anthropological texts, which reveal past constructions of explanatory power over Culture and the Human will be our first encounter with theoretical anthropology (of which there are many competing traditions coming from multiple Empires facing South). One of the aims of the class will be to come to terms with the extent to which “group difference” narratives have always played out during major crises of capitalism - and that the particular consumption of Indigenous geist within such economic conjunctures has a long history. In addition to familiarising ourselves with important Indigenous and decolonial writers, Wynter’s engagement with Foucault’s early-career quitting of literary investments, for a more expanded sense of the production of subjectivity, speaks to an acknowledgement of the violence of European philosophical authority and its passage through madness for the production of other kinds of being beyond the secular Euro-modern’s “self-troping Man.”  Additional readings of Victorian era British kinship systems by the feminist anthropologist Marilyn Strathern and of the current debates around the conceits of the Humboldt Forum in Berlin will approach the post-modern and anti colonial extension of anthropology to all. 

Reading:

Writing/Written Globes 

Michel Foucault,  “What is an Author,” in Language, Counter-Memory, Practice: Selected Essays and Interviews. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1977. 

Michel Foucault, Chapter 3, The Order of Things, London and New York: Routledge, 2005.

Sylvia Wynter, "The Ceremony Must Be Found: After Humanism," boundary 2 (Spring 1984): 19-71.

Arjun Appadurai, “Putting Hierarchy in its Place, Cultural Anthropology 3, no. 1 (1988): 36–49. http://www.arjunappadurai.org/articles/Appadurai_Putting_Hierarchy_in_its_Place.pdf

Anthropologies? 

Kamala Visweswaran, Un/common Cultures: Racism and the Rearticulation of Cultural Difference, Durham: Duke University Press, 2010.

Ronald Niezen, “The Aufklärung's Human Discipline: Comparative Anthropology According to Kant, Herder and Wilhelm von Humboldt," Intellectual History Review 19, no. 2 (2009): 177–195.

Anna Kenny, “A Certain Inheritance: Nineteenth Century German Anthropology,” in The Aranda’s Pepa: An introduction to Carl Strehlow’s Masterpiece Die Aranda- und Loritja-Stämme in Zentral-Australien (1907-1920), Canberra: ANU Press, 2013.

Peter Benson and Stuart Kirsch, "Capitalism and the Politics of Resignation,” Current Anthropology 51, nr. 4 (2010): 459–486.

Anthro-ecologies? 

Marilyn Strathern, “Greenhouse Effect,” in After Nature: English Kinship in the Late Twentieth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992. -http://classes.dma.ucla.edu/Fall14/252A/readings/haraway-persistence-of-vision.pdf

Vassos Argyrou, The Logic of Environmentalism: Anthropology, Ecology and Postcoloniality, Berghahn Books, 2005.

Elizabeth A. Povinelli, “Do Rocks Listen? The Cultural Politics of Apprehending Australian Aboriginal Labor,” American Anthropologist 97, no. 3. (1995): 505-518.

Decolonial Thought 

Michelle Caswell, J. J. Ghaddar, “‘To Go Beyond’: Towards a Decolonial Archival Praxis,” Archival Science 19 (2019): 71–85.

See also: https://archivaldecolonist.com

“An End to This World: Denise Ferreira da Silva Interviewed by Susanne Leeb and Kerstin Stakemeier,” Texte zur Kunst, April 12 2019. https://www.textezurkunst.de/articles/interview-ferreira-da-silva/

Linda Tuhiwai Smith, Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples. London: Zed Books, 2012.

Background/Further Readings (Selected): 

“An open letter to Extinction Rebellion,” by the grassroots collective Wretched of the Earth, Red Pepper, May 3, 2019. https://www.redpepper.org.uk/an-open-letter-to-extinction-rebellion/

Andrea Smith, “Indigeneity, Settler Colonialism, White Supremacy,” in Racial Formation in the Twenty-First Century. University of California Press, 2012.

Denise Feirra da Silva, "On Difference without Separability,” Catalogue of the 32a São Paulo Art Biennial,  https://issuu.com/amilcarpacker/docs/denise_ferreira_da_silva

Marcia Langton, "Well, I heard it on the radio and I saw it on the television...: an essay for the Australian Film Commission on the politics and aesthetics of filmmaking by and about Aboriginal people and things,” North Sydney: AFC, 1993.

Jarrett Martineau, Eric Ritskes, “Fugitive indigeneity: Reclaiming the Terrain of Decolonial Struggle Through Indigenous Art,” Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education, & Society 3, no. 1 (2014): I—XII.